Šta je, gdje se nalazi i kako izgleda medijalni kolateralni ligament desnog koljena, i sve o njegovoj povredi :
A medial ligament sprain or MCL injury is a tear of the ligament on the inside of the knee, usually a result of twisting or direct impact.
Medial ligament injuries are common in contact sports such as football and rugby, as well as martial arts. They can also occur in daily life through falls and twists of the knee joint.
Symptoms are graded 1, 2 or 3 dependon on severity of the injury.
Grade 1 symptoms
For a grade 1 MCL injury there may be mild tenderness on the inside of the knee over the ligament. There is usually no swelling. When the knee is bent to 30 degrees and an outward force applied to the lower leg to stress the medial ligament, pain is felt but there is no joint laxity (play valgus stress test video). A grade one tear consists of fewer than 10% of the fibres being torn.
Grade 2 symptoms
Significant tenderness will be felt on the inside of the knee along the medial ligament. Some swelling may seen over the ligament. When the valgus stress test is applied there is pain with mild to moderate laxity in the joint, although there is a definite end point (the knee cannot be bent sideways completely).
Grade 3 symptoms
This is a complete tear of the ligament. Pain can vary and is sometimes not as bad as that of a grade 2 MCL sprain. The valgus stress test will reveal significant joint laxity and the patient may complain of having a very wobbly or unstable knee.
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